Many people like to use disposable tableware when dining outside, think it is convenient and hygienic, and don't need to clean it after use. However, is this seemingly hygienic thing really hygienic and safe?
Most people use disposable tableware because of the distrust of the hygienic condition of the restaurant. Customer needs, restaurants, disposable tableware will become popular. Disposable tableware really brings great convenience to people. Then, often use disposable tableware, especially inferior disposable tableware, is it harmful to human health?
According to the Xinhua News Agency, the quality inspection report of the AQSIQ shows that disposable tableware does have safety risks。 The report believes that disposable tableware has very serious safety and quality problems。 mainly:
First, there is a big problem in hygienic performance. As a result of adding a large amount of calcium carbonate, industrial paraffin, and recycled waste to the raw materials, the evaporation residue of the product is seriously exceeded;
Second, the use performance is poor, the load is unqualified, and there is leakage;
Third, the degradation performance is unqualified。
Although disposable tableware has various sanitary quality problems, it does not affect people's "love". Almost all food and beverage outlets are equipped with disposable chopsticks, plastic bags, paper cups, straws, etc., so we need to be cautious when we use disposable tableware inevitably.
Disposable wooden chopsticks
￼Everyone has the experience of using disposable chopsticks when eating out, and many people are only willing to use disposable chopsticks when eating out, which is considered to be more sanitary and safe. But in order to reduce costs, some small workshops use inferior wood. In order to "whiten" chopsticks, some lawless elements will be fumigated with sulfur. When eating with this kind of chopsticks, the residual sulfur dioxide will enter the body.
How to avoid "poisoning" when using disposable chopsticks?
After getting the disposable chopsticks, you should observe its outer packaging and see if the manufacturer's name, trademark and contact information are printed on the packaging。 Disposable chopsticks that indicate high temperature sterilization and white color are not credible。
You can also smell the smell of chopsticks. If you have a sour taste of sulphuric acid, it is best not to use it. Do not immerse the chopsticks in hot soup or hot porridge for a long time while dining, as this will accelerate the decomposition of sulfur dioxide. The surface of the chopsticks can be washed with cold water to reduce residual sulfur dioxide.
Inferior paper cups hurt the human body
According to industry insiders, when people choose disposable paper cups, the first thing they consider is the price factor. Then there is the color of the paper cup is not white, and the paper cup is not whiter and the more hygienic. Some paper cup manufacturers have added a large amount of fluorescent whitening agent in order to make the cup look whiter.
Once this fluorescent substance enters the human body, it becomes a potential pathogenic factor. Secondly, the unqualified paper cups are generally soft, and they are easily deformed after being poured into water. Some paper cups have poor sealing properties, and the bottom of the cup is easy to seep, which makes it easy for hot water to burn your hands. What's more, by gently touching the inside of the paper cup by hand, you can feel the fine powder on the top, and the touch of the finger will turn white. This is a typical inferior paper cup.
How should I choose disposable paper cups?
Consumers must first look at their appearance when purchasing paper cups。 Generally, the paper cup should be sealed in a plastic bag, and the bag should not be damaged。 To choose a paper cup with a good cup body, try to choose a thick, stiff paper cup。 When selecting a paper cup, you can use your hand to squeeze it gently on both sides of the cup to get a rough idea of how good the cup is。
Second, we must look at the logo. The product packaging should indicate the name, address, product execution standard, production date, and expiration date of the manufacturer. Consumers should try to choose recent products because the shorter the storage time, the lower the degree of contamination of the product. For the paper cups with incomplete logos, do not buy the “three no” products.
Toxic plastic lunch boxes to distinguish
Although degradable tableware and non-degradable tableware are not good, it is easy to distinguish whether it is toxic disposable plastic tableware. "It feels soft and soft, tears and ruptures. It smells pungent and blinks, and it leaks when it is hot." At the same time, harmful disposable plastic tableware is added with a lot of filler such as talcum powder. When it is cut, it will sink when it is thrown into the water.
Experts pointed out that preliminary studies have shown that disposable foam plastic tableware will produce 16 toxins at temperatures above 65 degrees Celsius。 That is to say, when you use a plastic bag or a foamed plastic lunch box to fill the hot soup, the toxin is inadvertently melted into the food, and the toxic substances such as bisphenols are precipitated and immersed in the food。 In particular, its environmental hormonal effects may lead to male females and even reproductive dysfunction。
According to the doctor, the polystyrene contained in it has strong irritant properties. When the concentration is high, it has an anesthetic effect and has serious harm to the central nervous system. If the raw materials contain waste plastics, the content of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium exceeds the normal standard, which may cause the mental development of young children to slow down.
A recent study by US researchers found that a chemical commonly used in food plastic bags, bisphenol A, increases the risk of breast cancer in women, especially pregnant women.
Poisonous plastic bags hide hidden dangers
The person concerned suggested that many non-food plastic bags contain toxins, which can be harmful to the user's health if used as a food bag. I believe that you can see in some snack bars that there are many people who eat all kinds of pasta, tofu brain, mala Tang and other foods. Most food and beverage outlets have a plastic bag in the empty bowl.
According to the restaurant owner, the use of plastic bags eliminates the hassle of dishwashing, and customers can accept it. Some people think that plastic bags are not necessarily good, but they are more reassuring than bowls that are not cleaned.
In some farmer's markets, many vendors use low-cost wholesale plastic bags. These plastic bags are often burned and odorous when exposed to high temperatures. They release toxic substances and are typical “poison bags”. The raw materials are recycled waste. Plastics are even packaging of pesticides, chemicals, medical and chemicals. In addition to their own toxins, the colorants and plasticizers used are strong carcinogens. When exposed to foods, especially oily foods, they are more likely to exude toxins into food. , causing chronic poisoning in the human body.
The plastic packaging bag for food should be non-toxic and the chemical name of the material is polyethylene or polypropylene. It has low strength and cannot withstand high temperatures above 80 °C, and has a certain permeability. We can use the senses and combustion methods to identify.
The non-toxic polyethylene plastic is milky white, translucent, with a slippery feel on the hand, and the texture is soft and bendable. It can float on the water in the water, and the boiling water is obviously softened. It is easy to burn in case of fire, and it is dripping with wax when burning, and it has a smell of burning wax. The flame tip is yellow, the lower end is blue, and there is less smoke. Can continue to burn after leaving the fire.
The non-toxic polypropylene plastic is milky white and translucent。 The hand is lubricated but has no greasy feel。 The texture is firm and tough, and the sound is crisp when shaken。 It can float on the water in the water, and the softening in the boiling water is not obvious。 It is easy to burn in case of fire, drops wax when burning, expands, and has a smell of oil。 The flame tip is yellow, the lower end is blue, and a small amount of black smoke。 Can continue to burn after leaving the fire。
Toxic PVC plastic is less transparent than polyethylene. It feels sticky when touched. It has soft and elastic texture. It is hard to be cold and sinks in water. It is not easy to burn, softens when burned, can be drawn, and has a pungent spicy taste. The flame tip is yellow and the lower end is green with black smoke. Quit after leaving the fire
I hope that consumers can pay attention to distinguish, do not misuse toxic plastic packaging.
Due to the simple production process of disposable cups, tablecloths, chopsticks and dishes, low technical content and low investment, various types of production enterprises are rushing to the top, their quality is uneven, and the fish are mixed, so that consumers can produce when they purchase. blindness. Here are three aspects to introduce the consumer should pay attention to when buying.
When purchasing goods, the net should first pay attention to whether its logo is standardized。 The name of the product, the name of the manufacturer, the address of the factory, the trademark, the implementation standard, the grade, the date of production or the batch number should be indicated on the package of the sold goods。 The disposable chopsticks should also be marked。 Ming material or tree species。 In particular, consumers are reminded to pay attention to the implementation standards when purchasing goods。 If there is no implementation standard, the products may be non-standard production, and the producer cannot guarantee the production of qualified products that are stable and stable。
Since disposable cups, tablecloths, chopsticks, and dishes are all sanitary appliances, they must be disinfected before they can be packaged。 Therefore, the packaging should have sufficient sealing and firmness。 When purchasing, it should be packaged with clean packaging, no foreign objects, no odor, good sealing, no damage, no moisture and other abnormal phenomena。
Consumers can purchase goods through visual and sensory methods. Disposable paper cups, paper cups and plastic cups, the color of the paper cup body pattern should be uniform, the outline is clear, the wax layer of the waxing cup is even and thin, the coating cup coating is uniform, no leakage coating, the cup mouth should not have obvious depressions, Wrinkle; plastic cup should pay attention to the flat, smooth, no waste edge, burr, the cup should be clean and transparent, uniform thickness, no impurities, no bubbles, no water lines and so on. Press the cup or plastic cup with your hand and choose a disposable cup with a good cup.
Disposable hygienic chopsticks are divided into bamboo and wood. You should choose chopsticks without insects, insects, insects, decay, and odorless. Chopsticks should not have obvious warpage. The surface should be smooth, no obvious burrs and cracks. The length and length of the chopsticks should be the same, and the bamboo chopsticks are not allowed to have bamboo and bamboo yellow.
The surface of disposable dishes should be smooth and even, and there is no need to have defects such as folding and perforation。 Disposable paper cups and dishes should also be noted that the color of the material should be white。 If there is a bright white or glare, the manufacturer may add fluorescent substances to the material to compensate for the defects in the color, but the fluorescent substance is not conducive to Personal health。
Finally, remind consumers to purchase disposable food and beverage utensils in regular supermarkets and stores for their own health. These stores have regular purchase channels, storage environment, sanitary conditions can be guaranteed, and are not susceptible to secondary pollution. Don't be tempted to buy cheap, convenient, disposable food and beverage equipment that is sold or sold at home. The health status, product quality, and consumer rights cannot be guaranteed.